Types of Skin and Skin Care
To Maintain Sebum Balance and Optimize Skin Health and Radiance Normal skin is characterized
by a proper amount of natural oil (sebum) being secreted on the skin's surface
to act as a protective coating. It is also characterized by its smooth texture,
even color, and excellent elasticity. Pores are nearly invisible and there is no
tightness or flaking. Preserve this precious resource by using gentle cleansers
and moisturizers that help to protect, hydrate and maintain the skin's delicate
To Control Hypersecretion of Sebum and Improve Skin Balance Oily skin is characterized
by excessive activity of the sebaceous glands, resulting in a excess of the natural
oil (sebum) that gives the skin an unpleasant shiny look. The trouble with oily
skin starts when excessive excessive sebum production begins to build and harden,
clogging pores and dulling skin. This can result in acne and other skin problems.
A mistake that many people with oily skin make is to use drying cleansers and topical
applications and to reject the use of moisturizers. However, this actually makes
the problem worse! Sensing your skin's dryness, your body will actually produce
more oil, in a vicious cycle. The solution is to use cleansers and toners designed
for oily skin, as well as non-oily moisturizers. Proper hydration will actually
cue your body to produce less oil.
To Maintain Sebum Balance and Optimize Skin Health and Radiance A combination skin
type shows both oily areas (such as forehead, nose, and chin) and dryness in other
areas. For this skin type, focus on supplementing the lack of sebum on the dry areas
while moderating the excess where needed.
To Reduce Sensitivity and Strengthen Sensitive Skin This skin type runs the gamut
from dry skin that is thin and vulnerable due to a lack of protective sebum, to
more oil-prone skin that becomes easily irritated with cleansing that is too aggressive.
The skin's sensitivity results from the fragility of epidermal tissue, the imbalance
of its ecosystem and sometimes the weakening of its protective hydro-lipid barrier.
The reactions of sensitive skin are often unpredictable. In either case, gentle
cleansers are required along with the use of toners to maintain the delicate pH
balance that sensitive skin requires.
To Restore the Skin's Natural Protective Barrier Dry skin has many causes, both
environmental and physiological. The most obvious and easily remedied is a lack
of moisture near the surface of the skin, which can be the result of harsh soaps
and skin treatments which damage surface integrity. Dry skin can also be caused
by the under-production of sebum -- a substance which helps skin hold in moisture
-- by sebaceous glands just beneath the skin's surface. It's important not
to use harsh cleansers that will increase dryness and possible irritation, and to
find a moisturizer that will keep your skin properly hydrated and nourished. It's
important to restore the skin's natural balance by providing supplements, hydration
and nourishment, in order for the skin to properly perform its natural functions,
thus resulting in healthy, more resilient and softer skin.
As we age, the sebaceous glands slow production, leaving our skin more vulnerable
to environmental factors and to dehydration. In addition, our skin's capacity
to maintain the elastin and collagen within its connective tissue diminishes, which,
along with a thinning of our subcutaneous layer of fatty tissue, results in skin
that appears thinner and more translucent. An increased tendency towards dryness
makes regular and deep moisturization important. Slowed production of CoQ10 also
seems to have an affect on the appearance of wrinkles. It is particularly important
to use skin care products that enhance your skin's natural immunity, as well
as antioxidant-rich products that will help defend against free radicals and other
causes of skin aging. Sunscreen is a must!
For Further Reading